Buckwheat groats are the fruit seed of the buckwheat plant.Buckwheat is a very useful plant source for a wealth of health benefits, including a reduction in blood pressure, prevention of certain types of cancer, management of diabetes, improved digestion and cholesterol levels, boosted immune system, elimination of gallstones, protection from asthma attacks, and relief from constipation and other intestinal conditions. These benefits can mostly be attributed to the impressive range of proteins, minerals, antioxidants, and aromatic compounds found in buckwheat. One of the main reasons why this fruit is beneficial is because it contains a rich amount of phytochemicals which protect you against various diseases.
Listed below are some of the other health benefits
1. Improves Heart Health By Lowering Cholesterol and Blood Pressure Levels
2. Contains Disease-Fighting Antioxidants
3. Provides Highly Digestible Protein
4. High Fiber Content Helps Improve Digestion
5. Can Help Prevent Diabetes
6. Doesn’t Contain Gluten and Is Non-Allergenic
7. Supplies Important Vitamins and Minerals
Health benefits of buckwheat
- Buckwheat grains compose proportionately more starch than other similar seeds like quinoa and amaranth. 100 g seeds (grains) provide 343 calories. Its grains are moderate sources of energy. Calorie content of ts seeds may be compared to that of major cereals such as wheat, maize, rice and that of pulses like chickpea, mung bean, cowpea (black-eye pea), etc.
- The protein level in buckwheat grains is in the range of 11-14 g per 100 g; relatively less than that in quinoa and pulses. Nonetheless, it composes almost all of the indispensable amino acids at excellent proportions, especially lysine which is otherwise a limiting amino acid in grains like wheat, maize, rice, etc.
- Buckwheat seeds are very rich source of soluble and insoluble dietary fiber. 100 g provide 10 g or 26% of daily requirement of fiber. Fiber increase bulkiness of the food and helps prevent constipation problems by speeding up bowel movements through the gut. Fiber also binds to toxins and aid in their excretion through the gut and, thereby help protect colon mucusa from cancers. In addition, dietary fibers bind to bile salts (produced from cholesterol) and decrease their re-absorption in the colon, thus help lower serum LDL cholesterol levels.
- Buckwheat is another gluten-free food source. Gluten is a protein present in certain grass family grains and may induce stomach upset and diarrhea in individuals with Celiac disease.
- The grains compose of several polyphenolic antioxidant compounds such as rutin, tannins and catechin. Rutin (quercetin rutinoside) is found to have anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties and help prevent platelet clot formation inside the blood vessels. Early laboratory studies suggest that rutin may offer a cure in hemorrhoids, and clotting disorders.
- Buckwheat grains have more B-complex group of vitamins than that of quinoa seeds, especially riboflavin (vitamin B2) and niacin (vitamin B3).
- Finally, buckwheat has more concentration of minerals like copper, and magnesium. Copper is required for the production of red blood cells. Magnesium relaxes blood vessels leading to brain and found to have curative effects on depression, and headache.