Eating healthy food and being physically active are two of the most important steps that you can take to improve your health. To help you do this, follow the Healthy Eating Guidelines, use the Food Pyramid Guide and the Physical Activity Guidelines. Healthy eating is about getting the correct amount of nutrients – protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals you need to maintain good health.
Foods that contain the same type of nutrients are grouped together on each of the shelves of the Food Pyramid. This gives you a choice of different foods from which to choose a healthy diet. Following the Food Pyramid as a guide will help you get the right balance of nutritious foods within your calorie range. Studies show that we take in too many calories from foods and drinks high in fat, sugar and salt, on the Top Shelf of the Food Pyramid.
They provide very little of the essential vitamins and minerals your body needs. Limiting these is essential for healthy eating. At different stages in your life you have different daily nutrient requirements. These depend on your age, whether you are male or female and how active you are. Try to pick a variety of foods from each of the bottom 4 shelves every day to get a good range of vitamins and minerals.