Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Excess Weight Gain and Obesity

Obesity is arguably the biggest challenge among the epidemics facing the world because it is on the rise in high income countries, no country has a track record in terms of attenuating and reversing the epidemic, and it has several major downstream health consequences in terms of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, some cancers and arthritis that are very common and expensive to treat.


Facts about being a healthy weight

It is not good for your health to be either overweight or underweight. Being overweight can lead to heart disease, type 2 diabetes and some cancers. Being underweight can also affect your health by putting you at higher risk of infection, causing tiredness and slowing down wound healing. Being a healthy weight means you feel better, have more energy and are less likely to develop chronic illnesses.

To keep an eye on your weight, it is a good idea once a month to weigh yourself and to measure your waist every few weeks.

Waist measurement should be

• less than 80cm or 32 inches in women
• less than 94cm or 37 inches in men

People with excess weight around the tummy are more likely to develop health problems, such as heart disease and type 2 diabetes. If you notice your waist measurement increasing, reduce your energy intake from food and increase your activity.

Last modified on 13/07/2015
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